When designing or building, elements like flow and form are envisioned and concentrated on. It’s often easy to overlook the vital element of safety. While safety should be everyone’s number one priority, it is often overlooked because it is frequently seen as something that influences the design space negatively.

That’s why it’s important to ensure safety, in elements like balustrades, is aligned with the aesthetic look and feel of the space.

According to the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS), balustrading is a structural system that impedes accidental or inadvertent passage of people and objects between the areas that it separates.

The national specification body South African National Standards (SANS) prescribes the rules, regulations and legislation applicable to construction safety in South Africa.

Here are some of the elements that are included in SANS 10400 – the standard regulating balustrade safety regulations in South Africa:

Type of balustrade

There are usually two types of balustrades –

  • Top-mounted balustrades must be installed into a core-drilled pocket with a depth of a minimum of 120mm. It must also be secured with a suitable non-shrink cement-based grout.
  • Side-mounted balustrades should always be impact drilled. It should be fixed with suitable chemical anchors.


Change in level

If there is any change in level in excess of 750mm, the installation of a SANS compliant balustrade is necessary. Even staircases with a rise in excess of 750mm must also be fitted with a balustrade that is SANS compliant.

Residential use

There are different requirements for balustrades used in residential areas than those used in public areas. Balustrade safety regulations in South Africa for residential use require that there might not be an air gap greater than 100mm anywhere in or along the system, and it should have a minimum height of one meter.


Swimming pool

For swimming pools that are accessible from the road, the balustrades around the pool must have a minimum height of 1.2 meters and must contain a self-closing gate. In order to prevent climbing, there are no horizontal elements allowed in the balustrades.

When looking for a contractor to install balustrades in a residential or public space, ensure the contractor is registered with its applicable statutory body and conforms to the SANS requirements. Do thorough checks and ask the contractor for references before you make a decision.

While it might seem like a lot of work, safety and especially balustrade safety regulations in South Africa should always be your, and the contractor’s first priority.

For a reputable and SANS compliant balustrade contractor, contact Fed Glass today.

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